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Signs of a blood clot during pregnancy

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 Signs of a blood clot during pregnancy

Signs of a blood clot during pregnancy

blood clots during pregnancy

Blood performs many important functions in the body, including that it constantly moves in the body throughout life, and when a particular injury or wound occurs, 

the blood can also stop bleeding, which is called a blood clot, and these blood clots prevent the body from losing a lot of blood when the clot is considered healthy in the case of bleeding, but when it forms when the body does not need it; This may lead to serious health problems; Such as stroke and heart attack.

increased likelihood of blood clots in a woman during pregnancy; This is because the pregnant woman’s body is working to protect her from the expected bleeding at birth, and these clots may form in certain parts of the body, including; 

Blood clots occur in 1 to 2 out of every 1,000 pregnant women during pregnancy, and most of these cases occur in the first three months of pregnancy or within six weeks after delivery.

Signs of a blood clot during pregnancy

The signs and symptoms associated with a blood clot vary according to the area affected by the blood clot, and here is a description of the most important signs and symptoms associated with a blood clot:

  • Blood clot in the leg or hand: This blood clot is accompanied by swelling in the area and red skin color, in addition to pain and fever.
  • Blood clots in the heart: accompanied by chest pain and heaviness, in addition to shortness of breath and dizziness.
  • Blood clots in the brain: Symptoms include severe headache and sudden difficulty speaking or seeing.
  • Blood clots in the lungs: This is called a pulmonary embolism and is accompanied by a sudden shortness of breath, chest pain, rapid heartbeat, and possibly blood when coughing.

Complications of blood clotting during pregnancy

In some cases, a blood clot in a pregnant woman can lead to serious complications that affect her health or the health of the fetus. We mention the following: Among the most important complications:

  • Blood clots in the placenta: The placenta forms in the womb and provides oxygen and nutrients to the fetus through the umbilical cord. In some cases, blood clots in the placenta can disrupt this supply to the fetus, posing a threat to its health.
  • Intrauterine growth restriction: A condition in which the fetus develops poorly and incompletely in the womb.
  • Maternal heart attack: A heart attack occurs when a blood clot in the heart and the subsequent disruption of blood and oxygen in the heart can cause permanent damage to the heart muscle and even death.
  • Pregnancy loss: This occurs before the 20th week of the fetus in the womb.
  • Premature birth: A birth that occurs before the 37th week of pregnancy.
  • Maternal stroke: A stroke occurs when a blood clot develops in a blood vessel that supplies the brain, causing damage to part of the body or the death of the patient. Pregnancy and childbirth cause 8 strokes per million women.
  • Maternal venous thrombosis: In this case, a blood clot develops in a blood vessel and can occur in multiple parts of the body, the most common of which is DVT. 
  • It is important to note that DVT is a serious condition. Venous thrombosis in the lower leg, thigh, pelvis, or arm, and the blood clot can travel to a vital body organ, such as the lungs, in which case a pulmonary embolism can develop, 
  • which in turn can cause damage to the lungs and other organs in the body. too low levels of oxygen. Pulmonary embolism is a blood condition that requires immediate treatment because it is life-threatening to the mother.
  • Maternal infection Preeclampsia: Preeclampsia is a complication that occurs during pregnancy for several reasons, including insufficient blood supply to the uterus, problems with the immune system or damage to blood vessels, 
  • and infection problems that cause high blood pressure and stop the work of other organs in the body sometimes; 
  • For example the liver and kidneys. This condition usually occurs after twenty weeks of pregnancy and is accompanied by a variety of signs and symptoms, 
  • including severe headache, abdominal pain, feeling unwell, increased protein in the urine, and others.

Risk factors for blood clots in pregnancy

Many factors increase the risk of developing blood clots during pregnancy, and here is a list of them:

  • Prior infection with a blood clot.
  • genetic factors.
  • Excess obesity.
  • immobility; This can happen when traveling long distances.
  • Pregnancy with twins.
  • Pregnant age if the pregnant woman is over 35 years old.
  • you have another medical condition; Such as cancer or infection.
  • Smoking, or exposure to secondhand smoke.
  • Undergoing a cesarean section.

Treating blood clots during pregnancy

Anticoagulants in pregnant women are usually treated with anticoagulants to prevent blood clots from forming, and heat pads may help remove clots near the surface of the skin. There are several tips for mothers to prevent the risk of blood clots during pregnancy, 

the most important of which is: do not sit for long distances travel for more than twenty minutes, and follow a low-salt diet; As salt can cause swelling in the body, it is also recommended that you avoid placing one leg on top of the other and lying without a pillow under your knee.