Increased heart rate during pregnancy

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 Increased heart rate during pregnancy

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Increased heart rate during pregnancy

Pregnant women have an increased heart rate, or fast heartbeat, during pregnancy, which usually begins in the first few weeks of pregnancy. In fact, it may be normal for your heart rate to rise to 100 beats per minute or more. It may not be caused by other factors and pathologies Pregnant women, according to a 2018 study published in the journal Trends in Research, the average heart rate of pregnant women usually increases by 10-20 beats per minute, and this increase can reach an average rate of 10-20 beats per minute. about 25%. Heart (English: heart palpitations) may also cause occasional heart palpitations in pregnant women. 

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Causes of increased heart rate in pregnancy

As mentioned earlier, an increased heart rate or palpitations is usually normal during pregnancy; There are several  causes and unsatisfactory factors that may contribute to an increased heart rate in pregnant women, including: 

  • hormonal changes;
  • Feeling stressed and anxious.
  • Because the heart pumps more blood during pregnancy, the blood volume increases.
  • overweight.
  • Drought.
  • Drink plenty of fluids that contain caffeine.
  • Excessive exercise.
  • Allergic reactions to certain foods or certain types of medicines.

Notwithstanding the above reasons; However, there are some more serious pathological factors and causes that may lead to an increase in heart rate in pregnant women, including the following: 

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  • Arrhythmia, or irregular heartbeat.
  • Pulmonary hypertension.
  • coronary heart disease;
  • Preeclampsia or preeclampsia.
  • Thyroid problems.
  • Anemia, when the red blood cell count is lower than normal.

Symptoms of increased heart rate in pregnancy

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Increased heart rate may lead to a different set of symptoms, indicating that a pregnant woman may experience only one symptom or a combination of symptoms, and here is their statement: 

  • Vertigo.
  • Feeling uncomfortable.
  • Feeling that the heart is beating or pounding.
  • sweating;
  • Feeling of fluttering or fluttering in the chest.
  • Rapid heartbeat or feeling as if the heart is beating at once.

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Diagnosis of increased heart rate in pregnancy

The doctor first asks about the health history of the pregnant woman. If a pregnant woman has had heart palpitations, rapid heart rate, or any other heart problems in the past, or has a family history of heart disease or heart problems, the doctor should be informed. He may also run some tests. These may include the following: 

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  • An electrocardiogram, or electrocardiogram, measures the electrical activity of the heart.
  • Wear a Holter monitor, a portable device that monitors the rhythm, or heart rhythm, for 24-48 hours.
  • Blood tests: Your doctor may recommend blood tests to detect some underlying health problems. Such as an electrolyte imbalance or malfunction of the thyroid gland.
  • Additional tests: Your doctor may recommend additional, more specific, and accurate tests based on the results of the above tests.

Treatment of increased heart rate during pregnancy

Medicines are used only in emergency situations and under the supervision of a doctor to treat a pregnant woman whose heart rate is rapid; Choosing medication is not always the best way to treat this condition, and some methods and instructions may help maintain it. Your heart rate is at a normal level, and here is their statement: 

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  • Exercise: Most pregnant women need at least 150 minutes of aerobic exercise per week, and other types of exercise are also recommended. Swimming, walking, stretching, or yoga may help reduce pain and may also increase muscle function. Also, moderate exercise is generally safe during pregnancy, but it's worth talking with your doctor before trying new or strenuous exercise during pregnancy.
  • Eat a healthy diet: Most pregnant women need about 2,200-2900 calories per day, depending on age, body size, activity level, and other factors. Helps protect the heart Recommended for pregnant women Talk to your healthcare provider about the best way to get proper nutrition during pregnancy.
  • Controlling anxiety: Anxiety is one of the factors that can lead to an acceleration of the heart rate. Therefore, pregnant women with anxiety disorders are advised to practice deep and slow breathing exercises and to consult a mental health practitioner to help overcome this stage.
The normal weight of the fetus in the eighth month
  • Obtain appropriate prenatal care: Monitoring the integrity of the heart is part of routine prenatal care; This may reduce the risk of untreated heart problems, so it's important to see your doctor at least once during the first trimester of pregnancy to check your heart's health, and then schedule regular appointments as recommended by your doctor.
  • As for pharmacological treatment, as we mentioned, it is used only in emergency cases and includes anti-arrhythmic drugs, calcium channel blockers, or beta-blockers. In some cases, when you have a severe arrhythmia, your doctor may recommend a procedure called cardioversion, which is the delivery of a timed electrical current to the heart to restore the heart's rhythm or rhythm. 

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Reasons to see a doctor

Regular doctor visits during pregnancy are essential. A pregnant woman should take heart rate and blood pressure readings regularly and should consult a doctor in case of any change in heart rate and seek immediate medical attention if any of the following symptoms occur: 

  • Feeling of pain or pressure in the chest area.
  • Suffering from a severe headache, stomach pain, or sudden swelling in one or both legs or feet.
  • breathing difficulties.
  • Suddenly high blood pressure.
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