Causes of diarrhea in pregnant women

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Causes of diarrhea in pregnancy

Causes of diarrhea in pregnancy

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Diarrhea in pregnant women is due to several physical and hormonal changes, as well as other causes unrelated to pregnancy, such as infections or bowel problems. Regarding the prevalence of diarrhea in pregnant women, no recent studies have shown its prevalence, according to the American College of Gastroenterology. Gastrointestinal diseases).  The following are the most prominent data for these reasons:

hormonal changes

Certain hormones and hormonal changes can cause diarrhea, such as high levels of prostaglandins; Like the hormone oxytocin, in addition to stimulating uterine contractions, it increases the rate of movement of the entire digestive system, thus accelerating the passage of stool through the intestine, causing diarrhea.

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Diarrhea during menstruation can also be caused by elevated prostaglandins. The use of synthetic prostaglandins can cause diarrhea as a side effect. It causes the stool to absorb more water and electrolytes from the stomach, such as the drug misoprostol used to stimulate labor and delivery. 

Diet changes

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Some women may make changes to the diet early in pregnancy to ensure that the fetus is getting all the nutrients the body needs. This can lead to stomach upset or diarrhea, which may be caused by a deficiency in some pregnant women despite their pre-pregnancy deficiency. Allergy to certain foods during pregnancy.

Causes of diarrhea in pregnancy

Vitamins and supplements

Pregnancy vitamins have many benefits for the health of the mother or fetus, but sometimes some types can cause digestive disorders such as constipation or diarrhea, so it is recommended to consult a doctor to change the type used in case of problems, as these vitamins have a different commercial type.

Diarrhea caused by infection

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Infectious diarrhea is a common cause of diarrhea, and symptoms include: 

  • fever and chills;
  • Loose watery stool.
  • blood in stool
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • dizziness and lightheadedness

This type of diarrhea is spread through food contaminated with one of these pathogens and is therefore considered a risk when traveling to developing countries for examples of causes:

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  • Bacteria: such as Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Campylobacter, or Shigella.
  • Parasites: such as Giardia and Cryptosporidium enteritis.
  • Viruses: such as norovirus and rotavirus.
  • bowel disorders

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Chronic diarrhea may be associated with intestinal problems, including: 

  • Inflammatory bowel disease: including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
  • Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth.
  • Celiac disease is called wheat allergy.
  • You should see your doctor if you have diarrhea in addition to one of the following symptoms, as it may be a sign of one of the pre-existing medical conditions, such as 
  • Abdominal pain and cramps.
  • Vomiting and nausea.
  • Gas and bloating.
  • Anemia.
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss.
  • Skin and joint problems.
  • other reasons

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Other problems can cause diarrhea during pregnancy, such as:

  • Stress or anxiety.
  • Certain health problems, such as hyperthyroidism. 
  • Take certain medications, such as antibiotics. 
  • Travel 

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Reasons to see a doctor

Mild diarrhea is usually not a problem or a cause for concern unless one of the following symptoms occurs: 

  • Diarrhea persists for more than 48 hours despite some dietary changes.
  • Six or more bowel movements in 24 hours.
  • A high temperature of 39°C or higher.
  • Stools are clear liquid or contain mucus or blood.

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frequent vomiting;

  • Symptoms of dehydration, such as dark urine, thirst, dry mouth, dizziness, or lack of urination.
  • A pregnant woman feels diarrhea as a sign that labor has begun.
  • Severe pain in the rectum or abdomen.